Broom tidies a number of lists that are effectively S3 objects without a class attribute. For example, stats::optim(), svd() and akima::interp() produce consistent output, but because they do not have a class attribute, they cannot be handled by S3 dispatch.

These functions look at the elements of a list and determine if there is an appropriate tidying method to apply to the list. Those tidiers are themselves are implemented as functions of the form tidy_<function> or glance_<function> and are not exported (but they are documented!).

If no appropriate tidying method is found, throws an error.

tidy_svd(x, matrix = "u", ...)

Arguments

x

A list with components u, d, v returned by svd().

matrix

Character specifying which component of the PCA should be tidied.

  • "u", "samples", or "x": returns information about the map from the original space into principle components space.

  • "v", "rotation", or "variables": returns information about the map from principle components space back into the original space.

  • "d" or "pcs": returns information about the eigenvalues will return information about

...

Additional arguments. Not used. Needed to match generic signature only. Cautionary note: Misspelled arguments will be absorbed in ..., where they will be ignored. If the misspelled argument has a default value, the default value will be used. For example, if you pass conf.lvel = 0.9, all computation will proceed using conf.level = 0.95. Additionally, if you pass newdata = my_tibble to an augment() method that does not accept a newdata argument, it will use the default value for the data argument.

Value

A tibble::tibble with columns depending on the component of PCA being tidied.

If matrix is "u", "samples", or "x" each row in the tidied output corresponds to the original data in PCA space. The columns are:

row

ID of the original observation (i.e. rowname from original data).

PC

Integer indicating a principle component.

value

The score of the observation for that particular principle component. That is, the location of the observation in PCA space.

If matrix is "v", "rotation", or "variables", each row in the tidied ouput corresponds to information about the principle components in the original space. The columns are:
row

The variable labels (colnames) of the data set on which PCA was performed

PC

An integer vector indicating the principal component

value

The value of the eigenvector (axis score) on the indicated principal component

If matrix is "d" or "pcs", the columns are:
PC

An integer vector indicating the principal component

std.dev

Standard deviation explained by this PC

percent

Percentage of variation explained

cumulative

Cumulative percentage of variation explained

Details

See https://stats.stackexchange.com/questions/134282/relationship-between-svd-and-pca-how-to-use-svd-to-perform-pca for information on how to interpret the various tidied matrices. Note that SVD is only equivalent to PCA on centered data.

See also

svd()

Other svd tidiers: augment.prcomp, tidy.prcomp, tidy_irlba

Other list tidiers: glance_optim, list_tidiers, tidy_irlba, tidy_optim, tidy_xyz

Examples

mat <- scale(as.matrix(iris[, 1:4])) s <- svd(mat) tidy_u <- tidy(s, matrix = "u") tidy_u
#> # A tibble: 600 x 3 #> row PC value #> <int> <int> <dbl> #> 1 1 1 -0.108 #> 2 2 1 -0.0995 #> 3 3 1 -0.113 #> 4 4 1 -0.110 #> 5 5 1 -0.114 #> 6 6 1 -0.0992 #> 7 7 1 -0.117 #> 8 8 1 -0.107 #> 9 9 1 -0.112 #> 10 10 1 -0.104 #> # ... with 590 more rows
tidy_d <- tidy(s, matrix = "d") tidy_d
#> # A tibble: 4 x 4 #> PC std.dev percent cumulative #> <int> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> #> 1 1 20.9 0.730 0.730 #> 2 2 11.7 0.229 0.958 #> 3 3 4.68 0.0367 0.995 #> 4 4 1.76 0.00518 1
tidy_v <- tidy(s, matrix = "v") tidy_v
#> # A tibble: 16 x 3 #> column PC value #> <int> <int> <dbl> #> 1 1 1 0.521 #> 2 2 1 -0.269 #> 3 3 1 0.580 #> 4 4 1 0.565 #> 5 1 2 -0.377 #> 6 2 2 -0.923 #> 7 3 2 -0.0245 #> 8 4 2 -0.0669 #> 9 1 3 0.720 #> 10 2 3 -0.244 #> 11 3 3 -0.142 #> 12 4 3 -0.634 #> 13 1 4 0.261 #> 14 2 4 -0.124 #> 15 3 4 -0.801 #> 16 4 4 0.524
library(ggplot2) library(dplyr) ggplot(tidy_d, aes(PC, percent)) + geom_point() + ylab("% of variance explained")
tidy_u %>% mutate(Species = iris$Species[row]) %>% ggplot(aes(Species, value)) + geom_boxplot() + facet_wrap(~ PC, scale = "free_y")